Not Only Airlines, This Type Of Aviation Industry Can also Develop In Indonesia
The aviation industry was one of the sectors most affected during the Covid 19 pandemic. The number of passengers dropped dramatically due to the lockdown to prevent the wider spread of Covid 19.
Chief Pilot Asian Corporate Aviation Management Singapore Capt. Aloysius Sigit Haryono said that many passengers of Air Transport were facing bankruptcy. They are unable to pay airplanes loan and the fixed cost. Thousand of air transport employees have a salary cut 50% – 90% unpaid leave termination. This condition occurs throughout the world, including Indonesia.
Sigit said that the aviation industry in Indonesia mostly only consists of air transport passengers or airlines. Meanwhile, other types of aviation industries are still developing at a minimum. This has resulted in the lack of an alternative logging industry sector that can be run if airlines are experiencing a downturn.
“Most Indonesians know that the aviation industry only consists of airlines, whereas there are many types of aviation industries,” said Sigit when he was a speaker at the Engineers Talk “Aviation Industry Environment During Covid Perspective Operation” organized by the Master of Mechanical Engineering Program Study, SGU.
Indonesia needs to develop other types of aviation industries so that they can be an alternative source of growth in the event of cases such as Covid 19 in the future. Indonesia is a large archipelagic country so that it has the potential to develop the aviation industry.
What are the Types of Aviation Industry?
1. Airlines is an organization that provides flight services for passengers or goods. This flight service has a certain schedule for both domestic and overseas flights. The airline is the largest type of aviation industry in Indonesia. Examples of this company are: Garuda, Lion.
2. Air Charter is a chartered airline that operates an aircraft outside of its normal schedule. The flight schedule is determined according to the agreement with the passenger. Air charters have legal permits to charter aircraft commercially. Examples of this company in Indonesia are Susi Air and Premi Air.
3. Pilots School is an educational institution for training pilots. Currently, Indonesia has pilot schools including Sekolah Tinggi Penerbangan Indonesia (STPI) which is owned by the government, Bali International Flight Academy, and Nusa Flying International.
4. Private jet is a type of aviation industry that has not been maximally managed in Indonesia. Not only for individuals, but private jets are also used for institutions such as MAF, Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi (BPPT).Sigit said, actually many Indonesians own private jets. However, the number of plates of these aircraft are mostly registered overseas due to Indonesian government regulations that do not facilitate such matters such as tax regulations. “The owners of the aircraft are Indonesians and they use them more in Indonesia, but they are registered in neighboring countries,” said Sigit.
5. Agricultural Aircraft is usually used for fertilization or other agricultural activities in a very large area so that it will be more efficient and effective if given from the plane. An example of this activity is spraying pesticides on oil palm land. Currently, there are not many Indonesian national companies engaged in this field. Though Indonesia has very large agricultural land.
6. Aircraft Maintenance Organization (AMO) such as GMF Aerosia owned by Garuda Indonesia, Batam Aero Technic ownes by Lion Group, and Merpati Maintenance Facility (MMF). Currently, AMO in Indonesia is only owned by airlines. This causes many non-airlines in Indonesia to carry out maintenance overseas such as in Singapore, Australia. In fact, the maintenance industry has enormous potential and can absorb engineering from Indonesia.
7. Training for example is the Garuda Training Center. This is an educational institution that certifies players in the aviation industry.
Sigit believes that these various types of industries have the potential to be developed, especially with the support of regulations from the government. This growing industry will absorb many engineers from Indonesia to work in the aviation sector. “Indonesia has made aircraft, I think the engineers should be able to maintain it,” he said.
Indonesia also has educational institutions that can train human resources who work in the aviation sector. “For example, when I studied at MME SGU, I learned about how to identify and support the market in the aviation industry,” he said.
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